curitiba brasil wikipedia

Lhistoire de Curitiba se compose de nombreuses périodes ayant mené à sa création. Selon une légende, vers 1648, un groupe de pionniers fondent un petit village près de l'Atuba, alors qu'ils recherchent de l'or. [42], Up until the 19th century, the inhabitants of the city of Curitiba were natives and mixed-race, Portuguese and Spanish immigrants. The largest and most important one is the Guaíra Theater. À l'arrivée des Portugais au Brésil, le plateau curitibano est occupé par des groupes de familles linguistiques Jê et Tupi-Guarani. [45], Nearly 20,000 Ukrainian immigrants settled there between 1895 and 1897, consisting mostly of peasants from Galicia who emigrated to Brazil to become farmers. In the same occasion the Zombie Walk also happens. [44] The first group of Poles arrived in Curitiba around 1871. Chaque matin, la statue ci-contre tourne ses yeux vers une forêt de pins, que les pionniers savent avoir été un lieu sacré pour les Indiens. Un grand nombre d'immigrants en provenance de l'Allemagne arrivent à Curitiba seulement au cours des années 1870, la plupart d'entre eux sont des Allemands de la Volga (Russie)[3]. The Pope himself blessed the first replica of the traditional Polish houses that beautifully make up the Bosque do Papa when he visited the city in 1980. One of the 10 global sustainability centres, according to Ethisphere Institute of 2008. In Curitiba it is possible to find steppes, forests and other formations. [39] The census revealed 1,381,938 White people (78.9%), 294,127 Pardo (Multiracial) people (16.8%), 49,978 Afro-Brazilian people (2.9%), 23,138 Asian people (1.4%), 2,693 Amerindian people (0.2%). Il dessine des boulevards en étoile, avec des équipements publics placés au centre-ville, un quartier industriel et un complexe d'assainissement. Ces paysans de Galice immigrent au Brésil pour devenir de petits agriculteurs. 2nd Brazil's Best City for Business and 5th South American Best City for Business, according to America Economia Magazine/2005 and 2006. Memorial of Japanese immigrants at Japan's Square. [11] According to US magazine Reader's Digest, Curitiba is the best "Brazilian Big City" in which to live. Ils ont influencé l'agriculture de la région[4]. [27] Curitiba's weather is also influenced by the dry air masses that dominate Brazil's midwest most of the year, bringing hot and dry weather, sometimes even in winter. Le projet est adopté, mais ne peut être complètement réalisé en raison de son coût [14]. While landowners built the houses themselves, each received a pair of trees and an hour's consultation with an architect to help them develop their plan. Au XIXe siècle, l'afflux de migrants européens augmente. Brazilian architect Oscar Niemeyer designed the extravagant state museum of Curitiba. The Curitiba Metropolitan area comprises 26 municipalities with a total population of over 3.2 million (IBGE estimate in 2010), making it the seventh most populous metropolitan area in the country. En 1964, le maire Ivo Arzua lance un appel d'offres pour une transformation urbaine de la ville. Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE) (August 30, 2017)", "Mapa da Região Metropolitana de Curitiba – Paraná", "IBGE :: Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística", "A imigração árabe muçulmana em Curitiba", "Quase metade de Curitiba é dos "estrangeiros, "The Brazilian city Curitiba awarded the Globe Sustainable City Award 2010", "Brazil Outsourcing: Curitiba Comes on Strong as 'Silicon Valley South, "As 10 capitais mais seguras para os jovens do Brasil", "Curitiba é eleita a melhor cidade do Brasil pelo ranking Istoé/Austin Ratings – ISTOÉ DINHEIRO", "Palacetes suntuosos do início do século foram inspirados em referências trazidas pelos ervateiros de suas viagens à Europa", "Curitiba, Parana Travel Weather Averages (Weatherbase)", "Plano Diretor de Drenagem Urbana de Curitiba. The population has doubled since 1974, yet auto traffic declined by 30%, and atmospheric pollution is the lowest in Brazil. Les Portugais fondateurs d'un village en 1693 lui donnent le nom de Vila da Nossa Senhora da Luz dos Pinhais (« Notre-Dame de la Lumière dans la forêt de pin »), devenu Curitiba en 1721. In July 2001, Curitiba became Brazil's first city to receive the prize "Pole of Information Technology", granted by InfoExame magazine. It emphasised a star of boulevards, with public amenities downtown, an industrial district and sanitation. 1721-ben kapta meg a jelenlegi Curitiba városnevet. En 1853, le sud et le sud-ouest de la province de São Paulo se scindent, et mènent à la formation de la nouvelle province du Paraná, dont Curitiba devient la capitale. The Rua das Flores (Street of Flowers) is home to the majority of stores. Depuis 2000, l'immigration extra-américaine est réduite, sauf d'origine chinoise[16], et de certains pays du Moyen-Orient [17] (et un peu d'Amérique du Sud). After many studies of local water flows, most rivers were found to be subject to a canalization process. En 1828, les premiers immigrants allemands s'installent à Paraná. An alternative spelling was "Coritiba." [100], In January 1973 the Fundação Cultural de Curitiba was set up, with the aim of promoting culture. One of the highlights according to the survey Offshoring Horizons performed by Watson Wyatt of 2007. A Holocaust memorial is present in the city. [58], According to the 2010 Brazilian Census, most of the population (62.36%) is Roman Catholic, other religious groups include Protestants or evangelicals (24.03%), Spiritists (2.8%), Nones 6.71%, and people with other religions (3.69).[59][60]. [34] The Best Destination for Business, according to Veja Magazine of 2007. The centro (downtown or central business district), where the city was founded, is the most bustling area, housing most of the financial institutions of Curitiba. [12][13] Curitiba's crime rate is considered low by Brazilian standards and the city is considered one of the safest cities in Brazil for youth. The area is pedestrianized, with no cars around the centre. Much of the city's success in MMA comes from it hosting the influential Chute Boxe Academy and its successor Universidade da luta. [101], Curitiba is house of the largest restaurant in the Americas, and one of the world's largest restaurants. The yellow ipê is the city's most common tree. Curitiba a brazíliai Paran á állam fővárosa. The name was changed to "Curitiba" in 1721. Administrative powers are not delegated to neighborhoods, although neighborhood associations work to improve their communities. [99] The population growth of favelas was 12.4% between 2000 and 2010, higher than the population in general (10.3%). 2010-es adatok szerint lakosainak száma 1 760 000. [98] According to 2010 census data collected by IBGE, 49700 homes in Curitiba form part of irregular settlements. Les immigrés italiens arrivent à Curitiba à partir de 1878. Curitiba (pron. Curitiba ligger på en høyslette som ligger på rundt 930 moh. Cold fronts come year round, often from Antarctica and Argentina, bringing tropical storms in summer and cold winds in the winter. A state decree in 1919 settled the dispute by adopting "Curitiba. Around 300,000 Ukrainian-Brazilians live in Paraná. L'Université Fédérale du Paraná, la première au Brésil, s'établit à Curitiba en 1913, l'année même où des tramways sont déployés. According to the magazine, the companies of "Technology and Information Technology" based in Curitiba in 2001 achieved US$1.2 billion in revenues, representing a growth of 21% over the previous year. ; Politique d'éscrè; à pérpos éd Wikipedia The average distance people usually ride in a single trip with public transit is 7 km, while 12% travel for over 12 km in a single direction. Sinal digital. El Templo de Curitiba, Brasil, es uno de los templos construidos y operados por la Iglesia de Jesucristo de los Santos de los Últimos Días, el número 126 construido por la iglesia y el quinto de Brasil, ubicado en la ciudad de Curitiba que es la capital del estado de Paraná. In the days before free direct elections, mayors were political appointees who were no more than pawns in the game of power politics and were subject to replacement at any time. Curitiba is in 1654 gesticht en kreeg op 29 maart 1693 de titel 'dorpsgemeente'. [25][26], The terrain's flatness hinders water drainage after rain, therefore providing water vapor for the atmosphere. 1693-ban egy portugál faluként alapították Curitiba település ősét. Its economy is based on industry, commerce and services. [19], The first non-Iberian (Portuguese and Spaniard) immigrants to come to the city were German.[43]. [citation needed], In 2003, Curitiba received the "American Capital of Culture" title, granted by the OAS (Organization of American States). Curitiba est la deuxième plus grande diaspora polonaise dans le monde en seconde position derrière Chicago[2], et la seule ville brésilienne à disposer d'un orthographe en langue polonaise, Kurytyba[5]. The population of Curitiba was 52.3% female and 47.7% male. [123], Moving around in a car can be difficult in and around the city centre because of the many one-way streets and frequent traffic jams. The aircraft descended and struck the ground. Curitiba (Brazilian Portuguese: [kuɾiˈtʃibɐ])[2] is the capital and largest city in the Brazilian state of Paraná. Chés teskes sont disponibes dsous licince Creative Commons patérnité – partage à l’idintique des condicions iniciales; d’eutes condicions peu'te s’applitcher.Vir chés condicions d’utilisacion pour avoèr pus éd détails. 27/mai/2012 - aí está, a cidade mais linda do Brasil, Curitiba! Curitiba officially became a town in 1812, spelling its name as "Curityba." Specifically, the goal is to provide jobs and income for the unemployed among 400,000 people living in 15 peripheral towns, and to structure and develop the region according to integrated planning principles. Sur des sites archéologiques de la périphérie de Curitiba, se rencontre des maisons souterraines qui montrent une certaine adaptation des indigènes au climat rude, comme le vent froid, le gel et la neige[1]. The buildings on the central axis of Avenida Cândido de Abreu are protected, including Plaza 19 de Dezembro, Tiradentes State College, Courts of Justice, Accounts and Jury buildings, the Iguaçu Palace, the Oscar Niemeyer Museum and the Square Our Lady of Salette.[135]. The city's mild winters, due to its low latitude, differentiate its climate from typically temperate ones. [15] Curitiba was one of the host cities of the 1950 FIFA World Cup, and again for the 2014 FIFA World Cup. Our Lady of Light and Good Jesus of Pine Forest, « Notre-Dame de la Lumière dans la forêt de pin », https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Histoire_de_Curitiba&oldid=160019043, Article contenant un appel à traduction en portugais, licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions, comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence. [9] Economic growth occurred in parallel to a substantial inward flow of Brazilians from other parts of the country, as approximately half of the city's population was not born in Curitiba. It is located in the nearby city of São José dos Pinhais. Mountain ranges and sets of rocky hills surround parts of the city, including the Serra do Mar, a hill range between the shore of the Atlantic Ocean and the First Plateau in Paraná. [40], In 2010, Curitiba was Brazil's 8th most populous city. L’histoire de Curitiba se compose de nombreuses périodes ayant mené à sa création. In the 1700s Curitiba's favorable location between cattle-breeding countryside and marketplaces led to a successful cattle trade and the city's first major expansion. [121], Curitiba has in its transport fleet the largest bi-articulated bus in the world, with 28 meters in length and capacity for 250 passengers. Curitiba's cuisine has mainly Italian and German inspiration. "[89], Curitiba was recently recommended by UNESCO as a model for the reconstruction of the cities of Afghanistan. A number of top stars in mixed martial arts are Curitiba natives, including the Rua brothers Maurício "Shogun" and Murilo "Ninja", Wanderlei Silva, Anderson Silva, and women's MMA pioneer Cris Cyborg. [92] The city has more than 400 square kilometres (154 sq mi) of public parks and forests. [86], This plan, known as the Curitiba Master Plan, was adopted in 1968. Cinq de ces routes forment une étoile qui converge vers le centre-ville[15]. The Autódromo Internacional de Curitiba (Curitiba International Raceway) is located in nearby Pinhais. De ce bâton aurait poussé un grand arbre, où aujourd'hui se trouve la « marque zéro » de Curitiba. [citation needed], As of 2017[update], the mayor is Rafael Greca, who replaced Gustavo Fruet. La popolazione di Curitiba, stando al censimento stilato nel 2010, è di 1.746.896 abitanti (832.500 sono di sesso maschile e 914.396 femminile). Italian immigrants started arriving in Brazil in 1875 and in Curitiba in 1878, coming mainly from the Veneto and Trento regions of Northern Italy. The seven wooden log houses are parts of this memorial area, as a memento of the Polish immigrants' struggles and faith. Dans les années 1940 et 1950, Alfred Agache, cofondateur de la Société française des urbanistes, est choisi pour créer le plan de la ville. Etymologi. About 15,000 new jobs were generated by 2013. [64], The city's 30-year economic growth rate is 7.1%, higher than the national average of 4.2%, and per capita income is 66% higher than the Brazilian average. [126], The airport obtained the highest marks among all participants for queuing time at customs and the cordiality of customs officials; availability of sockets and seats in the departure lounge; quality of airport signage and vehicle parking facilities; availability and cleanliness of the toilets; general cleaning; airport thermal and acoustic comfort; quality of information on baggage claim conveyor panels, as well as availability of public transport to the airport.[126]. [40], As with most of Southern Brazil's population, Curitiba is mostly inhabited by European descendants. The Trinary Road System allows quick access to the city centre for drivers. [255] Malgré le danger représenté par le territoire indien, les pionniers prennent le risque de s'aventurer dans la forêt afin de trouver ce lieu spécial. Lerner ferme la rue du XV de Novembro aux véhicules, à cause d'un trafic très élevé de piétons. The community centre, a Jewish school, a Chabad house (Beit Chabad),[54] a synagogue,[55] and two Jewish cemeteries are there,[56] one of which was defiled in 2004. [97], According to Jonas Rabinovitch, a United Nations senior adviser and former planner at the Curitiba Research and Urban Planning Institute (IPPUC), up to 8% of Curitiba's population still lived in favelas as of 2016. This was used in press and state documents. Curitiba is the lairgest ceety in the sooth o Brazil, caipital ceety o Paraná state. Curitiba's infrastructure makes bus travel fast and convenient, effectively creating demand for bus use in the same way that the infrastructure of traditional cities creates demand for private motor vehicles. The Municipal Secretariat of the Environment maintains a botanical garden and three greenhouses that produce 150,000 native and exotic seedlings: 16,000 fruit trees, 260,000 flowers, foliage and underbrush specimens and the maintenance of another 350,000 seedlings. The city has an average altitude of 934.6 metres (3,066 ft) above sea level. Its area is 46,000 square metres (500,000 sq ft) and was part of the former Candles plant. La densità di popolazione raggiunge i 4.132,3 abitanti per km², stando ai dati raccolti dall'Istituto Brasiliano di Geografia e Statistica. 21% of public transit riders, ride for more than 2 hours every day. [50] Much of the early Jewish congregation has been assimilated. In 2008, according to IBGE Curitiba's nominal GDP was R$45.7 billion (or about of US$22.5 billion)[68] (with R$25,934, or US$13,000, by nominal GDP per capita, about of US$5,000 more than Brazilian 2008 nominal GDP per capita), making it the fourth richest city in the country, after only São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro and the capital Brasília. Land farther from these roads is zoned for lower density development, to pull traffic away from the main roads. : Tomo 2 – Politicas e Ações Não Estruturais", "Plano Diretor de Drenagem Urbana de Curitiba. Later, between 1850 and 1950, it grew due to logging and agricultural expansion in Paraná State (first Araucaria angustifolia logging, later mate and coffee cultivation and in the 1970s wheat, corn and soybean cultivation). The city's population was 1,879,355 as of 2015[update], making it the eighth most populous city in Brazil and the largest in Brazil's South Region. Après un premier contact avec le chef de la tribu Tingui, le cacique Tindiqüera leur indique le nouvel emplacement, et plante un bâton dans le sol, avec « Coré Etuba » (« de nombreux pins »). The 49th Position, MasterCard Worldwide Centers of Commerce: Emerging Markets Index of 2008. [84], In the 1940s and 1950s, Alfred Agache, cofounder of the French Society for Urban Studies, was hired to produce the first city plan. As a result, according to one survey, 99% of Curitibans are happy with their hometown. Curitiba has municipal health, education and day care networks, neighborhood libraries shared by schools and citizens and Citizenship Streets, where buildings provide essential public services, sports and cultural facilities near transportation terminals. The 3rd position among the Champions of Infrastructure, Exame Magazine of 2006. The menu brings surprises to visitors for being so varied. Par contre, la migration brésilienne interrégionale est importante. [125], Afonso Pena International Airport was evaluated as the best airport in Brazil according to the Ministry of Infrastructure of Brazil. Ces pionniers vénèrent Nossa Senhor da Luz et y installent un lieu particulier pour sa statue. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. [citation needed] Waves of European immigrants arrived after 1850, mainly Poles, Italians, Germans (mostly from Russia) and Ukrainians. Curitiba is the capital and largest city in the Brazilian state of Paraná. Eighty percent of travelers use the express or direct bus services. In the 1850s, waves of European immigrants arrived in Curitiba, mainly Germans, Italians, Poles and Ukrainians, contributing to the city's economic and cultural development. Some 1,100 buses make 12,500 trips every day, serving more than 1.3 million passengers, 50 times the number from 20 years ago. Comme la plupart de la population du Sud du Brésil, Curitiba est principalement habitée par des Brésiliens d'ascendance européenne. Volume II – Volume Técnico; Tomo 4: Caracterizações e Medidas de Controle Estruturais", "METAR: Weather History for Curitiba, Brazil", "Frente fria traz chuva ao Paraná e aumenta taxas de umidade", "Normais Climatológicas Do Brasil 1981–2010", "Banco de Dados Meteorológicos para Ensino e Pesquisa", "Curitiba, Brazil – Detailed climate information and monthly weather forecast", "Livro mostra roteiros das árvores de Curitiba/Pr", "Curitiba, Brazil Travel Guide – Government – Zoohara", "Maiores cidades do Brasil crescem menos do que média nacional, aponta Censo – Notícias – Cotidiano", "Ukrainian memorial in the city of Curitiba", "Paraná Government (Ukrainian community in the State)", rasil.kiev.ua/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&id=45&layout=blog&Itemid=30&9856877558d17ec206d1a87e99fb1dce=3fab537243dff8dbaf45e8c8619a395b "Slavic community in Curitiba", Brazil's Jews during the Vargas Era and After, "Stephen Roth Institute: Antisemitism And Racism", As capitais mais (e menos) evangélicas do Brasil, Análise dos Resultados/IBGE Censo Demográfico 2010: Características gerais da população, religião e pessoas com deficiência, "A capital do Paraná se destaca na área de TI e oferece oportunidades para profissionais do setor", "Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística", "Invest in Curitiba – Agência Curitiba S/A", "Hospital Erasto Gaertner, Historico Institucional", "Curitiba Tourist Attractions and Sightseeing", "The Wire Opera House: Curitiba's Most Original Theatre", "Curitiba Rocks the Brazilian Winter as a World Cup Host City", "Maratona Ecológica de Curitiba – Ladeiras e incentivos do povo curitibano", "Getting Around, Curitiba Travel, Transport and Car Rental", "Ser Universitário – Tudo sobre o mundo universitário e estudantil! The city receives more than two million tourists every year. [129], The city has 100 km (62 mi) of bike routes, used by around 30 thousand bikers daily. Based on 1991 traveler survey results, it was estimated that the introduction of the BRT had caused a reduction of about 27 million auto trips per year, annually saving about 27 million liters of fuel. Les immigrants polonais débarquent en 1871 et s'installent dans les zones rurales près de Curitiba. Curitiba adalah ibu kota negara bagian Brasil, Paraná.Kota ini terletak di Brasil bagian tenggara, sekitar 1.081 km dari ibu kota Brasil, Brasilia.Penduduknya berjumlah 1.757.904 jiwa. Futugrafii [83], The city preserves and cares for its green areas, boasting 51.5 square metres (554 sq ft) of green space per inhabitant. They settled mostly in the Santa Felicidade neighborhood, still a centre of the Italian community. Les premiers Européens à s'implanter dans la région pendant le XVIIe siècle sont d'origine portugaise, qui se marient avec les peuples autochtones et avec les esclaves africains[2]. L'pache-lo al o tè modifiée l'fouos darin l' 4 d'Avri 2013, à 16:29. Une vague d'immigrants européens commence après 1850, principalement des allemands, des italiens, des polonais et des ukrainiens. Panoramic Tower: The 360-foot tall lookout tower allows travelers a 360° view of Curitiba and has a telephone museum on the ground floor. Lerner closed XV de Novembro St. to vehicles, because it had high pedestrian traffic. In a number of areas subject to floods, buildings were condemned and the land became parks. [104] Every year, in April, it hosts the Curitiba Theater Festival. City streets carry almost one million vehicles, of which 2,253 are orange Taxis. À cet endroit, les pionniers construisent une chapelle en l'honneur du saint, désormais appelé Nossa Senhora da Luz dos Pinhais. The name Curitiba comes from the large number of Brazilian " Pines ", commonly called "Parana Pine" (Araucaria angustifolia) which grew in the region before the city was built. Curitiba received a significant Japanese influx. It was conceived in 1953, with the greater independence which came with the creation of a new state. Premier club dans l'état de Paraná, il est également le premier club vert et blanc du Brésil. Several units are annexed to public transport terminals. [66], Seven massive shopping malls are found in Curitiba: Mueller, Estação, Curitiba, Crystal, Palladium, Patio Batel and Park Barigüi. Un certain nombre de zones soumises à des inondations sont transformées en parcs. In keeping with Curitiba's history and culture of science, the museum offers many science exhibitions, including biennial exhibitions. Originaires pour la plupart des régions au nord de l'Italie et principalement de Vénétie et de Trentin, ils s'installent dans le quartier de Santa Felicidade, encore un centre majeur de la communauté italienne de Curitiba[6]. [69] Curitiba is also home to the largest cancer hospital in the South of Brazil, Erasto Gaertner Hospital. [6] Nowadays, only small numbers of immigrants arrive, primarily from Middle Eastern[7] and other South American countries.

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